Client CDM Duties
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What are Client Duties under CDM Regulations?
The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 (CDM Regulations) place certain legal duties on main parties involved in a construction project (i.e.,
Each one of the above requirements is explained as follows:
Appoint a Principal Designer
- (a) the appointment must be in writing (either formally by a letter or an email) and;
- (b) the appointed
Principal Designermust be competent to complete the role.
Appoint a Principal ContractorA Principal Contractor is mainly responsible for health and safety aspects of the construction phase (site activities) of a building project. Any reputable construction contractor should be able to act as a Principal Contractor .
- (a) The appointment must be in writing (either formally by a letter or an email) and;
- (b) The appointed Principal Contractor must be competent to fulfil the role and responsibilities as legally required and keep the site works safe. For a simple average size project (say up to a £0.5m project work) a Principal Contractor with a valid and relevant level SSIP member registration (i.e. CHAS, Constructionline or SMAS Accreditation etc) may be regarded as sufficient to prove their competency. The appointed
Principal Designershould also be able to help in assessing the competency of a Principal Contractor.
Fulfil their Client DutiesIn addition to the appointment of a
The original references from the CDM Regulations that specify the above Client Duties are provided in the section Client Duties with References to CDM Regulations below for your information and attention. Further guidance on Client Duties is also available from relevant HSE Guidance
Why Client's Role is Important?
Construction work by its very nature can be hazardous. It makes a
Client Duties in Detail
The main Client duties are as follows:ON ALL CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS*
- must make suitable arrangements for managing a project.
- must arrangement for suitable Welfare Facilities.
- must ensure that above arrangements are maintained and reviewed throughout the project.
- must provide Pre-construction Information (PCI).
- must ensure a Construction Phase Plan (CPP) is in place before construction phase begins.
- must appoint (in writing) a
Principal Designerand a Principal Contractor on projects involving more than one contractor.
- must take reasonable steps to satisfy themselves that the appointed
Principal Designer, Principal Contractor and other designersand contractors have appropriate skills, knowledge, experience and organisational capability to fulfil the role.
- Please note that
Clientis deemed to have assumed the duties of the legal appointees ( Principal Designerand Principal Contractor) on project, where they fail to make the appointments in writing.
* Except the
- (a) The Contractor for projects with only one contractor
- (b) The Principal Contractor for projects where there is more than one contractor
- (c) The
Principal Designerwhere there is written agreement that the Principal Designerwill fulfil those duties
Client Duties with References to CDM Regulations
- Making suitable arrangements for managing a project (Regulation 4(1).
- Making arrangements for suitable Welfare Facilities (Regulation 4(2)(b)).
- Ensuring that above arrangements are maintained and reviewed throughout the project (Regulation 4(3)).
Pre-construction Information (PCI)(Regulation 4(4)).
- Ensuring an adequate
Construction Phase Plan (CPP)is in place before construction phase begins (Regulation 4(5)(a)).
- Appointing (in writing) a
Principal Designerand a Principal Contractoron projects involving more than one contractor(Regulation 5(1)).
- Ensuring that appointed
Principal Designerand Principal Contractorhave necessary skills, knowledge, experience and organisational capability (Regulation 8(3)).
- Ensuring that
Principal Designerprepares a Health and Safety File(Regulation 4(5)(b)).
- Taking reasonable steps to ensure that
Principal Designerand Principal Contractorcomply with their duties (Regulation 4(6)).
Health adn Safety Executive (HSE)(send F10 notification) before Construction Phasebegins for projects expected to meet the notification threshold (Regulation 6).