FAQs, explanation of CDM terms and abbreviations
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What is a "construction project"?
Construction project or construction work as defined in the
(a) the construction, alteration, conversion, fitting out, commissioning, renovation, repair, upkeep, redecoration, or other maintenance (including cleaning which involves the use of water or an abrasive at high pressure, or the use of corrosive or toxic substances), decommissioning, demolition or dismantling of a structure.
(b) the preparation for an intended structure, including site clearance, exploration, investigation (but not site survey) and excavation (but not pre-construction archaeological investigations), and the clearance or preparation of the site or structure for use or occupation at its conclusion.
(c) the assembly on site of prefabricated elements to form a structure or the disassembly on site of the prefabricated elements which, immediately before such disassembly, formed a structure.
(d) the removal of a structure, or of any product or waste resulting from demolition or dismantling of a structure, or from disassembly of prefabricated elements which immediately before such disassembly formed such a structure.
(e) the installation, commissioning, maintenance, repair, or removal of mechanical, electrical, gas, compressed air, hydraulic, telecommunications, computer or similar services which are normally fixed within or to a structure.
Please note that construction work does not include the exploration for, or extraction of, mineral resources, or preparatory activities carried out at a place where such exploration or extraction is carried out.
Why construction industry is hazardous?
Importance of delivering a safe
Construction activity is carried out in an uncontrolled, transient production area (often restricted, (partly) occupied and weather exposed) to a bespoke design and constantly changing environment (in a flux) for the duration of site works. In addition, it involves work at height, use of heavy machinery and plant, instable existing or partly built structures, moving, lifting and handling heavy awkward materials, previous use of dangerous materials on construction sites (i.e. asbestos, lead etc), excavations, risk of coming in contact with unknown existing live services, preparing (cutting) materials on site, manual handling of construction materials, excessive noise and dust generation, bringing and storing heavy construction materials, difficulty in maintaining a clean and tidy site, use of heavy power tools and other hazardous activities which increase the risk of accidents.
A multi-million-pound product procured in any other industry will have more rigorous safety regime applied to it compared to a
Who is the client of a construction project?
Client is an organisation or an individual for whom a
Can there be more than one client on a construction project?
Yes, there can be more than one
What is a "domestic project"?
A domestic project for the purposes of the
This is a very narrow definition, and it means work carried out on a property which is purely for individual's personal use and by use of their immediate family members (i.e. father, mother, son and daughter etc). Any payment made for the works via a company, or an organisation will make the project
Any residential development work carried by an individual developer, housing association, councils etc are
What is a "non-domestic project"?
What the term "more than one contractor means"?
What is a "CDM Notifiable" construction project?
A notifiable project now under the current
What is a "Non Notifiable" construction project?
What is a "F10 notification"?
A F10 Notification or a F10 (as commonly known) is specified information required to be sent to the
F10 threshold requirements are when the construction work on site will be more than 30 working days and will involve more than 20 people working on the site simultaneously or the construction work will involve more than 500 person days on site
Under the previous version of
When a "F10 notification" is required?
However, please note that even if the project is
What is a "Pre-construction Information (PCI)"?
Pre-construction Information (commonly abbreviated as PCI) is a specified document to be prepared by the
The typical contents of a Pre-construction Information (PCI) are provided in Appendix 2 of
Who are designers on a construction project?
Designers are those, who as part of a business, prepare or modify designs for a building, product or system relating to construction work. The designers include architects, consulting engineers, quantity surveyors, chartered surveyors, interior designers, temporary works engineers, technicians or anyone who specifies or alters a design. The designers are defined as one of the duty holders in
We at Safescope, have also prepared a practical guidance and explanation of each of
What are CDM Designer Duties?
Who is a "Lead Designer"?
What is "Pre-construction Phase"?
Pre-construction phase means any period of time during which design or preparatory work is being carried out for a project and may continue during the construction phase.
What is "Construction Phase"?
Construction phase means the period of time beginning when construction work in a project starts and ending when construction work in that project is completed. Mobilisation period and enabling works are also included as part of the construction phase.
What is "Post completion Phase"?
Post completion phase means the period of time starting when construction work on site is completed. This period includes occupation of the building for its intended use, maintenance, repair, cleaning, use as a workplace (where relevant), refurbishments, extensions, conversions, modifications, and ultimate demolition at the end of its useful life.
What are "General Principles of Prevention"?
General Principles of Prevention in simple terms mean the use of hierarchy of controls when dealing with the risks, for instance as follows:
- E ‐ Eliminate
- R ‐ Reduce
- I ‐ Isolate
- C ‐ Control
- P ‐ Personal Protective Equipment
- D ‐ Discipline
The above list is commonly abbreviated as "ERIC PD" for ease of remembering.
The systems we have developed at Safescope for General Principles of Prevention is relevant to a construction project health and safety risks and is abbreviated "ERESSP". Details as follows:
- E ‐ Eliminate the risk
- R ‐ Replace the proposed materials or process with less hazardous one
- E ‐ Engineering controls applied to manage the potential risk
- S ‐ SSoW - Safe Systems of Work ‐ Risk Assessments and Method Statements (RAMS)
- S ‐ SST ‐ Site Specific Safety Training (relevant tickets, CSCS Cards, training, toolbox talks, Inductions, and further Information etc)
- P ‐ PPE ‐ Personal Protective Equipment (boots, high visibility waist, hardhats, goggles, gloves etc) or Respiratory Protective Equipment (RPE) (face masks or breathing apparatus etc)
The General Principles of Prevention are specified in
Schedule 1 to the
What is a "Construction Phase Plan (CPP)"?
Construction Phase Plan (commonly abbreviated as CPP) is a specified document to be prepared by a
Construction Phase Plan (CPP) is meant to be live document and must be reviewed and kept up to date to reflect prevalent conditions and activities on site.
The typical contents of a Construction Phase Plan (CPP) are provided in Appendix 3 of
What is a "Health and Safety File"?
Health and Safety File is a specified document to be prepared by
The typical contents of a Health and Safety File are provided in Appendix 4 of
What are "Residual Health and Safety Risks"?
Residual health and safety risks are those risks that could not be eliminated or minimised to a tolerable level during design and construction works and have been left in a completed building project. These may include encapsulated asbestos, difficult access to certain areas of roof, reduced headlight in plant room etc. The
We hope that you found the information useful, however, we welcome any feedback or comments to improve the details or any other aspect of the